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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Contrasting Schools and Homeschools on College Preparation

Posted by jlwile on August 16, 2013

This is one result from the ACT National Curriculum Survey of 2102. (Click for source)

ACT, Inc. is a non-profit organization best known for its standardized college entrance test: the ACT. However, the company does a wide range of assessments for educational institutions, policy makers, and researchers. Every three to five years, they perform the ACT National Curriculum Survey. In this survey, they sample educators at the middle school, high school, and college level, asking them several different questions that are aimed at discovering trends in United States Education. Honestly, I am not all that interested in such reports, but a colleague of mine send me a link to the latest ACT National Curriculum Survey, mentioning the graph reproduced above. I thought it was worth discussing.

In the survey, ACT contacted a representative sample of educators in both public and private educational institutions across the U.S. They received results back from 2,943 high school teachers and 3,596 college teachers. That’s a fairly healthy sample. They don’t go into the details of how they ensured that the sample was “representative,” but let’s assume that their methodology was reasonably correct.

They asked high school teachers how well their students would be prepared for college (in the subject matter they were teaching) after leaving their classes. As you can see, in 2012, 89% said “well” or “very well.” They asked college instructors how well prepared their incoming students were for the classes they were teaching, and as you can see, only 26% answered “well” or “very well.” The numbers were slightly different in 2009, but not significantly so.

While high school teachers think they are providing good college preparation in the courses they are teaching, college instructors disagree. In the end, they find that very few of their students are actually prepared for the classes they are teaching. As the report puts it:

A stark contrast still exists between high school teachers’ perceptions of their students’ readiness for college-level work and college instructors’ perceptions of the readiness of their entering students.

To anyone who has taught at the college level for a while, this isn’t really surprising. Most high school teachers don’t seem to agree with college instructors when it comes to determining how to prepare students for collegiate-level studies.

My colleague, of course, was pointing out the graph because this is a common source of frustration for him. He is a university professor, and he often teaches summer classes (or short seminars) for high school teachers. He tries to tell them what their student needs for good preparation when it comes to his subject matter, and the high school teachers are not very receptive to what he tells them. In fact, they often say he is being unreasonable when it comes to his expectations. I think this graph sums up his frustration very well.

When I saw the graph, however, I thought of something completely different. I spend very little time with school teachers, but I do spend a lot of time with homeschooling parents. When they start talking to me about their specific situation, they are usually their own worst critic. They tell me how poorly they think they are doing when it comes to giving their children a good high school education, and they ask me how they can improve. As I start probing them for specific information about what they are doing when it comes to science and math, I generally find that they are doing a great job! The statistics tend to support this, because homeschool graduates do very well in college compared to their peers (see here, here, here, and here, for example).

Now I haven’t done a scientific survey or anything like that, but it seems to me that homeschooling parents are significantly less likely to think they are doing a great job at college preparation, but the data indicate that they are. This, of course, is precisely opposite of the situation illustrated by the survey results shown in graph at the top of this post. Why is that? I think there are two main reasons.

First and foremost, the motivation of a homeschooling parent is significantly different from that of a teacher. Even the best, most dedicated teachers in the world don’t love their students as much as they love their own children. When your motivation is a deep, unconditional love, you go the extra mile time and time again to make sure you are doing things correctly. You go to conventions and listen to boring speakers like me. You go to blogs and read boring articles like this one. You talk with your friends who have already sent their children off to college to find out what worked and didn’t work for them (the most effective of the three things on this list). Rather than taking a class here and there as a part of some “continuing education” requirement, you do everything you can to make sure you are preparing your children for their future.

Second, parents tend to make up for their own weaknesses. It’s a natural thing that we do, often without even thinking about it. For example, I could never discipline my daughter. All she had to do was summon her tears (which she seemingly could do at will), and I was a quivering blob of Jell-O. However, my wife was immune to such things, so she was the disciplinarian. In our family, it wasn’t “Wait until your father gets home.” It was, “Wait until your mother hears about this!” Since homeschooling is just an extension of parenting, we do the same thing when it comes to college preparation. If we think we won’t do well helping our children learn in a particular subject, we do something about it. We get our spouse to take over that subject. We join a co-op. We find a tutor. We do something to make up for our weakness. Since we are constantly looking at and trying to make up for our weaknesses, we are less likely to recognize what a good job we are doing over all.

In the end, I think that most homeschooling parents do a better job of preparing their students for college than the majority of teachers in our public and private schools, even if they don’t recognize this themselves.

Comments

5 Responses to “Contrasting Schools and Homeschools on College Preparation”
  1. Anthea says:

    Thank you for the encouragement. It helps that you have been in our situation and understand how we think.

  2. Candace says:

    Thanks for the vote of confidence, we moms need it often!
    That being said, I have also read your PDF entitled, “Teaching” High School At Home. I am curious, since this article discusses math and science, why you make the comments you do about Saxon and Videotext Interactive? My daughter is 7th grade and I am trying to find the best math program for her and me.

    1. What areas are you referring to when you say Saxon is “weak in some areas”?
    2. When you say Videotext is “the BEST video course that I have ever seen,” are you only saying that it is the best of the video courses, or are you suggesting that it is the best of all the math courses available (or at least of those in your list at present)?

    Just need some clarification here. Thanks in advance.

    By the way, we are loving your General Science course and may look into your newest science course for my now 3rd grader. He’s quite bright, so for now, he’s just enjoying the General Science course right along with his sis and gets most of the answers right to the questions. I know we’ll have to re-visit it, but he’s not bored and it’s not way over his head. Glad you do have another option, and it looks quite fun so we may just do both.

    Sincerely,

    Candace Webb

  3. jlwile says:

    Thanks for your comment, Candace. In answer to your questions:

    1. Saxon is weak in geometry. Even now that the new publisher has added a geometry book, I still think it is weak. I would suggest that after Algebra 2, the student take a geometry course that is not Saxon. Jacob’s geometry, Teaching Textbook’s Geometry, and MATH-U-See’s geometry are all better than Saxon’s. It is also weak when it comes to the concepts of math. It teaches math as more of a problem-solving system than as a discipline. As a result, students often don’t know WHY they are doing what they are doing to solve the problem. I am not saying Saxon is bad. In fact, it is quite useful. I just see these things as weaknesses.

    2. I am saying Videotext is the best of the video courses. It is hard to choose a best overall course, since they all have strengths and weaknesses. However, I would definitely rate Videotext as one that should be strongly considered, as long as the student enjoys video.

    I hope my new course is useful for you if you decide to get it!

  4. Candace says:

    Thanks, Dr. Wile for your clarification. I have a BSEE and an MBA, and my husband has a BSEE so math is a strong subject for our family. It’s been frustrating to find a really good math course for my children. But since we are all imperfect people, I know there is no perfect math course either. Your comments have certainly helped.

    You mentioned Jacob’s geometry here, but you did not mention them in the PDF file. Do you have a comment about their algebra course as compared to the other companies’ algebra courses?

    Sincerely,

    Candace

  5. jlwile says:

    Candace, the algebra program is a good one, but it covers only algebra 1. Thus, you would have to find something else for algebra 2. As a result, I think you should just start with an author that also has an algebra 2 course.

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